COMMON DERMATOLOGICAL CONDITIONS
ALTERATIONS OF THE NAILS AND HAIR
DERMATOLOGICAL SURGERY AND CUTANEOUS ONCOLOGY
COMMON DERMATOLOGICAL CONDITIONS
Acne is one of the most frequent skin diseases, which mainly affects teenagers.
Acne is the result of the sum of several factors which include an increase in the oiliness of the skin, the obstruction of pores of the sebaceous glands, the presence of bacteria on the skin and frequent hormonal alterations in adolescence and in women of child-bearing age.
Acne is considered a multifactorial condition and its treatment should be oriented toward treating the different causes of this.
Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin characterized by the appearance of facial flushing, mainly affecting the central region of the face. This facial blushing may be accompanied by an eruption similar to that found in acne.
The treatment of rosacea depends on the severity of the disease, from using creams to treatment with the most sophisticated LASERS.
Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease related to imbalances in the immune system that result in the production of plaques and scales on the skin.
The treatment of psoriasis depends on the severity of the clinical condition. Treatment includes creams, ultraviolet light exposure, oral medication and even injectable medication
Vitiligo is a skin disease characterized by loss of the skin pigment due to a decrease in or absence of pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. This decrease in pigment cells manifests itself as white spots that can be of different sizes and can occur nn any part of the body, even in the mucous membranes and hair, causing serious problems to self-esteem and social coexistence.
There are several treatments available that can help skin repigmentation. In most patients, a combined treatment is important to obtain acceptable results.
Melasma is a quite common form of dermatosis, affecting women in most cases. Melasma is characterized by dark spots on sun-exposed areas. Its treatment is based on sun protection, skin creams, chemical peels and micro puncturing, among others.
Superficial Mycoses are infections caused by fungi that affect the skin, hair and nails. Mycosis can appear as scaling, small erosions and itchy reddish areas on the skin. The most frequent places are in the flexor areas such as the groin, armpits and the region between the toes and hands. However, they can occur on any part of the body.
Treatment depends on the type of infection and the location of the infection. Treatment can generally be effected topically or with oral medication.
Seborrheic dermatitis can occur in several areas of the body, mainly affecting areas where there is a greater production of sebum, such as in the scalp, in the region of the eyebrows, in the paranasal areas, behind the ears and even the anterior region of the thorax. The treatment of seborrheic dermatitis includes the use of ointments and shampoos formulated by dermatologists.
Contact dermatitis is characterized by an inflammation of the skin due to direct contact with irritants or allergy-causing substances. It is essential to follow up with your dermatologist to identify the substance causing the allergy and carry out an appropriate treatment.
ALTERATIONS OF THE NAILS AND HAIR
Alterations of the nails
The nails carry much more than just an aesthetic function in our body. They protect the tips of our fingers, and additionally they can indicate, in a certain manner, the general state of our health.
Different conditions can lead to alterations of the nail apparatus, such as: systemic diseases; heart and lung alterations; local fungal and bacterial infections; nutritional deficiencies; anemia and even the appearance of malignant tumors, some of which can be highly lethal.
All of these conditions can make themselves known from a simple brittle nail or alterations to the complete nail format. It is for this reason that it is important to consult the dermatologist when any abnormality is present in the nails.
Alterations of the hair
There are multiple conditions that affect the hair and scalp. Despite the fact that most complaints refer to dandruff and hair loss, there is a wide range of alterations that can lead to irreversible damage to our hair follicles.
It is important to distinguish and properly treat the different hair pathologies to try to avoid the consequences that these conditions may cause.
For the diagnosis and adequate treatment of the hair, clinical and dermatoscopic evaluation is important. In some cases, it may even be necessary to examine systemic deficiencies via blood tests, to evaluate trace elements and hormones that may be altered in various capillary conditions.
MOHS MICROGRAPHIC SURGERY
Surgical treatment for skin cancer which is considered the gold standard. The two main advantages of Mohs surgery are:
- Histopathological confirmation of tumor removal with high cure rates.
- Conservation of skin free from neoplasia, leaving minimum scarring.
In all cases, the main objective is the eradication of the tumor.
Some indicators for Mohs surgery:
- Facial tumors on the lips, palpebrae and ears, mainly in the H area of the face.
- Tumors of 1 cm or more on the neck or face.
- Tumors of 2 cm or more in areas other than the face.
- Aggressive neoplasms on the hands, feet, genitals and other areas.
SURGICAL TREATMENT OF SCARS AND CHELOIDS
Any scar, size notwithstanding, can foster considerable worry, in such a manner as to impact upon daily life.
CDERMA offers different methods of treatment for the correction of scars. Consult with us for more details.
RECONSTRUCTION OF THE LOBE OF THE EAR (LOBULOPLASTIA)
A torn earlobe is the consequence of the division of the lobe through the continuous use of earrings or dilators. This condition can be treated by means of ambulatory surgery performed with local anesthesia.
Esté siempre atento a los cambios en sus lunares. Estos pueden significar un mensaje importante.
A pesar de que los lunares son en la mayoría de los casos benignos e inofensivos, es importante que sean siempre evaluados por un dermatólogo ya que también pueden significar el inicio de un cáncer de piel.
Surgical treatment of benign non-cancerous tumors, such as actinic keratosis, seborrheic keratosis, cysts, lipoma, warts and nevi can be removed with excellent cosmetic results. This should always be done by a dermatologist.
Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer worldwide. Each year, more than 2 million new cases are diagnosed in the United States, equivalent to more new cases of skin cancer than those combined of prostate, breast, lung and colon cancers.
Skin cancer is one of the malignant tumors with the highest rates of successful treatment when diagnosed and treated early. However, when ignored, its evolution can result in a high mortality rate.
The majority of malignant skin tumors originate in areas exposed to the sun such as the face, arms and legs. Other influential factors in the development of skin cancer include sun exposure and genetic predisposition.
The most common types of skin cancer include:
Basal cell carcinoma:
Responsible for about 80% of malignant tumors of the skin, it is the malignant tumor with the highest cure rate if diagnosed and properly treated.
Squamous cell carcinoma:
The second most common type of malignant skin tumor, some of these tumors may originate from premalignant lesions, of which actinic keratosis is the most frequent.
It is estimated that this is responsible for approximately 2% - 4% of malignant skin tumors. However, it is the cutaneous tumor which demonstrates the most aggressive behavior, thus being responsible for about 80% of all deaths caused by skin cancer.